Live the labor market or Alwadifa in Morocco, a major crisis on the grounds that two thirds of the wage in Morocco are working without a knot work, and 80 per cent of wage earners are not readily health coverage, in addition to the driver that consists in the whole of employment are not eligible, it remains limited to the category of non-holders of the certificates that are running positions of Tlat. What are the determinants of economic and demographic labor market as known as Alwadifa in Morocco, and the sectors that provide jobs, as well as the unemployment rate by age and entities, and academic level?
Seen the HCP that the basis of the status of a difficult economic, and of the debt crisis and the difficult period of the calendar structural, and after the restoration of balances Almacroaguetsadah, Morocco has a series of structural reforms to develop the legal and institutional framework of the contract and meet the social demand increased. Has been speeded up this process during the nineties, with the support of political openness and a strong desire to open an era of social progress. And is characterized by the development model that characterized the first decade of three-dimension measure of the dual economic and demographic transformation, which shows to what extent the level and quality of employment that have been created. And therefore it constitutes a real break with the previous model of economics walk and protected to a large extent. And keep operating, which consists in the whole of employment are not eligible, limited to the category of non-degree holders that occupy positions of Tlat, according to a report HCP about "the status of employment "Alwadifa" and unemployment in Morocco and the determinants of structural and political transition ".
And reflects the dominance of weak employment qualification structure of the national economy and the level of productive sectors. Thus, the improvement in growth is not accompanied by significant change of economic structures in favor of high-technology activities. The remaining sectors of agriculture, construction, public works and the services sector the main engines of economic growth, contributing 80 per cent of gross value added, is that these sectors are characterized by impairment in multiple labor especially skilled labor, as it creates 10 jobs directly in each sector Vafilahh not only provide my chance work indirectly. The construction and public works not only provides the function of 1,2 or exceed that number 3 for the services sector. Thus, the remaining contribution of these sectors in the recruitment of qualified workers, either directly or indirectly, employ them, despite a weak labor-intensive.
On average, a labor without qualifications 65 per cent of the accumulated labor of these industries and get lost 30 per cent of which represented in Alaaúliyn assistants.
It is worth mentioning that the manufacturing sector, which enables direct his chances of creating the same number of indirect opportunities, which values the skills, you may see a decline in the share of its contribution to gross value added of 18 per cent in 2000 to 14 in 2010.
Among the branches that create indirect employment significantly recall the food industry (5 jobs indirectly-for-1 directly), and the metal industry (2 jobs indirectly-for-1 directly), and chemical industry (2 jobs indirectly-for-1 directly) and the automotive industry (approximately from 1.5 indirect jobs-for-1 directly).
The level and nature of unemployment
Confirmed the High Planning Commission that the unemployment rate on the whole according to international standards known as a retreat during this decade, Mntiqla of 13.4 per cent to 9.1 per cent at the national level; but there are considerable differences between the parties, as it was recorded weaker-than-average rates national third-party such as: Marrakech - Tensift - Haouz, and Taza - Al Hoceima - Taounate and Fez - Pullman and Tadla - Azilal. And higher rates than the national average third-party such as: the east and Rabat - Salé - Zemmour - Zair and South sides.
The same source noted that the drop in unemployment is not benefit from the same ratios at the level of accommodation and central level authorities, as it has not benefited all categories of job seekers equally. It should be noted that the category of the unemployed who have never worked are the most susceptible to the phenomenon of unemployment, accounting for 50 per cent of the total volume of unemployment in 2010.
HCP and confirmed that, in view of the geographical and social disparities to levels of employment Alwadifa and vulnerability that characterize a large proportion of it, that some sectors of public opinion does not accommodate the fact that the overall decline of unemployment is measured as a global statistical methods.
After the rapid demographic transition to the problem of operating in Morocco.
Age structure has a profound transformation, moving proportion of the population under the age of 15 years from 42.2 per cent in 1982 to 27.5 per cent in 2010, with the stability of the size of the following segment of the population in about 8 million (8.6 million in 1982 and 8.8 per, 2010). The proportion of the population aged 60 years and over, it has moved from 6.4 per cent to 8.3 per cent (1.3 million and 2.6).
Given the pressure on the labor market, characterized by population in active age (15-59 years) with the following, Annual growth rate averaged 2.4 per cent (against 1.6 per cent for the total population), and doubled as a result access heavy generations descending from the prior period outstanding high fertility, and an annual increase amounted to an average of 354K people, without counting the number of immigrants who arrived in 2010 to 88 thousand people for this age group.
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